The name Iran means Aryan land and ranks 18th in the world in terms of breadth.
The climate will surprise you because it is very diverse. Iranians will proudly tell you how it is possible on the same day to be sweltering by the Persian Gulf while a friend is battling below freezing temperatures climbing a mountain in the north. The weather varies greatly from region to region throughout the year. Iran chahar fasl-e! (has four seasons) is an honor for Iranians.
The Iranian people are from different cultures with its own language and customs. the majority population of this country is Persian (Fars) who still proudly see themselves as the descendants of the great achaemenian empire.
This country is one of the most important countries in the Middle East which is located in southwest Asia. one of the most important reasons for its importance in the Middle East is being rich of fossil fuels such as oil, gas and its numerous mines. Actually this country is the world’s fourth-largest exporter of oil and also sits on the second-largest proven reserves of gas.