The name Iran means Aryan land and ranks 18th in the world in terms of breadth.
The climate will surprise you because it is very diverse. Iranians will proudly tell you how it is possible on the same day to be sweltering by the Persian Gulf while a friend is battling below freezing temperatures climbing a mountain in the north. The weather varies greatly from region to region throughout the year. Iran chahar fasl-e! (has four seasons) is an honor for Iranians.
The Iranian people are from different cultures with its own language and customs. the majority population of this country is Persian (Fars) who still proudly see themselves as the descendants of the great achaemenian empire.
Iran is one of the most important countries in the Middle East which is located in southwest Asia. one of the most important reasons for its importance in the Middle East is being rich of fossil fuels such as oil, gas and its numerous mines. Actually this country is the world’s fourth-largest exporter of oil and also sits on the second-largest proven reserves of gas.
Iran General Information
|Language||Weather||Time Zone||Currency||Area||Religion||Cities||Provinces||Dial Code||Capital||Driving Side||Government|
|Persia||Varied|| Iran (GMT+3:30)
Persians, Azeries, Kurds, Lurs, ...
There are almost 11 deferent ethnicities in Iran. Turkmens, Mazanis, Gilaks, Talishis live on the outskirts of the Caspian Sea. Kurds and Lurs live in the west of the country. Azeris or Turks mostly live reside in northwestern Iran. Arabs are in south and southwestern Iran. and the Qashqai, who make up about 1 percent of Iran's population, reside in the southern half of the country and mostly in the center and west. and finally, the Baluchis who live in the southeast of the country.
The mentioned ethnicities are just 39% of Iran population. actually the Persians are the most populous ethnic group in Iran. one of the beauties of the Persian language is dialects and accents that can be heard throughout the country from people of different ethnicities.
Muslims, Christian, Zoroastrianism, Jewish, ...
The official religion of Iran is Islam and 98% of Iranians are Muslim. Islam is divided into two main branches, Shia and Sunni
More than 90 percent of Iran's Muslims follow the Twelver or Imamiyyah belief of Shia religion. the division between the two sects dates from a disagreement over the successor to the founder of Islam (the prophet Muhammad) after his death. Shiites recognize the prophet's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, as his successor and thereafter the direct descendants of Ali. Sunnis, however believed that political leadership and respect within the community were the most important prerequisites for a successor. They recognized the rulers known as caliphs who went on to form the Umayyad dynasty in Damascus.
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