The name Iran means Aryan land and ranks 18th in the world in terms of breadth.
Iran General Information
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Persians, Azeries, Kurds, Lurs, ...
There are almost 11 different ethnicities in Iran. Turkmens, Mazanis, Gilaks, Talishis live on the outskirts of the Caspian Sea. Kurds and Lurs live in the west of the country. Azeris or Turks mostly live reside in northwestern. Arabs are in the south and southwestern. and the Qashqai, who make up about 1 percent of Its's population, reside in the southern half of the country and mostly in the center and west. and finally, the Baluchis who live in the southeast of the country.
The mentioned ethnicities are just 39% of the population. actually, the Persians are the most populous ethnic group. one of the beauties of the Persian language is dialects and accents that can be heard throughout the country from people of different ethnicities.
Muslims, Christian, Zoroastrianism, Jewish, ...
The official religion of Iran is Islam and 98% of Iranians are Muslim. Islam is divided into two main branches, Shia and Sunni
More than 90 percent of Muslims follow the Twelver or Imamiyyah belief of the Shia religion. the division between the two sects dates from a disagreement over the successor to the founder of Islam (the prophet Muhammad) after his death. Shiites recognize the prophet's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, as his successor and thereafter the direct descendants of Ali. Sunnis, however, believed that political leadership and respect within the community were the most important prerequisites for a successor. They recognized the rulers known as caliphs who went on to form the Umayyad dynasty in Damascus.
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